Wednesday, 15 July 2020

North East India - February / March 2020

This was a 17-day birding trip to North East India, from 18th February to 5th March 2020. The trip was targeted at the Indian and Himalayan specialties which can be found in the Assam and Arunachal Pradesh states of northeast India. This area shares its international borders with Bhutan in the west, Myanmar in the east, Bangladesh in the south and a disputed border with China in the north at the McMahon Line. Being a heavily militarised area, special access permits are required by foreign visitors prior to visiting Arunachal Pradesh.

Yak at Mandala Pass

Following the previous year’s successful and enjoyable tour (Nest India Birding Tours) with Jijo Matthew for the Andamans and the Western Ghats in South India, Peter Waanders and I decided to do North East India following Jijo’s recommendations.

Whilst the tour was very successful, with many of the Indian and Himalayan specialties seen, it could have been better if:

  •   The tour was a month later. Access to the high-altitude areas (>3,000 m) was hampered by ice and snow on the roads. Many of the altitudinal migrant birds hadn’t moved up into higher altitudes of the Himalayan foothills as it was too early in the season
  •  More time was spent at the higher altitude areas with at least one additional day at Dirang. Whilst the lowlands of Assam produced large numbers of species, most of the lifers and specialties were found at the higher elevations
  • A 4WD had been used to access the high-altitude areas, such as Eagle’s Nest, Mandela Pass and Sela Pass, all of which were impacted by snow and ice.

Overall, the trip didn’t quite meet our expectations which had probably been set too high by Jijo. Many of the roads were under construction and the trip involved a lot of driving. The roads in Eagle’s Nest were very rough and treacherous, made worse by the snow and ice. In addition, the overall trip could have been shortened by a couple of days without impacting on lifers seen.

Road at Eagle's Nest

The accommodation, except for Eagle’s Nest Wildlife Sanctuary, was good with a mix of tented and hotel accommodation. Eagle’s Nest had very basic accommodation in tents, very uncomfortable beds, outdoor shower and poor vegetarian food. Whilst the accommodation is probably acceptable in the warmer months, we had snow overnight at the first camp (Lama Camp) with the snow line level with the tents. We also had problems getting over the pass to the Bompu Camp due to the heavy snow and trees which blocked the road. The result was that we shortened our stay at Eagle’s Nest and spent an extra night at Nameri which broke up the return journey.

I flew to Hyderabad via Kuala Lumpur on Malaysian Airlines arriving at midnight on the 16th February. Peter flew into Hyderabad the next day and we then flew to Guwahati on the morning of 18th February on Indigo Airlines.

We were met at Guwahati by Dhanesh Thankachan, his colleague a local resident from Arunachal Pradesh and our driver for the trip. Dhanesh proved to be an energetic and enthusiastic guide who kept birding all day and often well into the evening. He had a passion for night birds and was very good at recognising calls. He didn’t give up easily and we spent many hours over two nights until we managed to get good views of Hodgson’s Frogmouth. His colleague was also a good birder and knew the local birding spots, however his English was a bit limited.

With our two guides we managed to get many of the specials for the areas we visited however the biggest impact on the birding was the timing of the trip, being too early for many birds. Compared to my trip to North India to the Himalayan foothills in March 19, the birding was very quiet, especially up at Eagle’s Nest.

For the trip I recorded 414 species of birds of which 88 were lifers, including 2 heard only. Two of these lifers were seen prior to the NE India trip at wetlands in Hyderabad. There were many highlights for the trip and some of the standout birds included Ibisbill, White-winged Duck, Himalayan Monal, Snow Partridge, Ward’s Trogon, Hodgson’s Frogmouth, Blue-naped Pitta, Pallas’s Fish Eagle, Black-necked Crane, Long-billed Plover and Wallcreeper.  

Resources

Birds of India” by Richard Grimmett, Carol and Tim Inskipp, Princeton Field Guide, 2nd Edition published in 2012

Birds of India” by Richard Grimmett, Carol and Tim Inskipp - iPhone app – used for most of the time.

eBird (https://ebird.org/home) has useful information on recent sightings and all my sightings are now on eBird.  

Trip Report

Sunday 16th February: Melbourne to Hyderabad via Kuala Lumpur

Flew on Malaysian Airlines departing Melbourne at 15:10 and arriving into KL at midnight. Two nights at Hotel Hyderabad Grand which was close to the airport and next to some extensive wetlands.

Monday 17th February: Hyderabad, India

Birding at the Lake Kamuni wetlands adjacent to the hotel in early morning and late afternoon resulted in 75 species seen and two lifers, the Large Grey Babbler and White-eyed Buzzard.  Peter arrived about midday and we birded together in the afternoon.

Common Snipe

Tuesday 18th February: Hyderabad to Guwahati

Flew on Indigo Airlines departing Hyderabad at 09:10 and arriving at Guwahati at 11:45.  Met Dhanesh of Nest India Birding Tours and headed off to the Guwahati Waste Disposal site which had huge numbers of Great Adjutant plus about 20 Citrine Wagtail.

Greater Adjutant

After a short 20 minutes at the waste dump we took the 5-hour drive to our lovely accommodation at Kohora in Kaziranga, arriving in early evening.

Wednesday 19th February: Kaziranga National Park

We started at sunrise and birder the central section of the Kaziranga National Park. The birding was excellent with highlights being about 80 Bar-headed Goose plus Slender-billed Vulture, Pallas’s Fish Eagle, Grey-headed Fish Eagle, Blossom-headed Parakeet, Spot-winged Starling, Slender-billed Babbler and Finn’s Weaver among the 94 species for the morning. The Finn’s Weaver is a range-restricted weaver and took a while to track down.

Pallas's Fish Eagle

Grey-headed Fish Eagle

Slender-billed Vulture
Blossom-headed Parakeet

The highlight of the morning was however excellent views of about 20 Indian Rhinoceros (Greater One-horned Rhinoceros) and two Smooth-coated Otter.

Indian Rhinoceros (Greater One-horned Rhinoceros)

We explored the western section of Kaziranga National Park in the afternoon. Excellent birding again with 70 species for the afternoon, highlights were Swamp Francolin seen a long way off, Ruddy-breasted Crake, Black-bellied Tern, Pied Falconet and a couple of Finn’s Weaver.

Swamp Francolin (long range photo)

In the evening, we took a walk around the hotel area and had Brown Hawk-owl and Oriental Scops Owl.

Thursday 20th February: Kaziranga National Park

We birded the eastern section of Kaziranga National Park in the morning, traveling as far as the massive Brahmaputra River where we had lovely views of a White-tailed Eagle. We had 96 species for the morning and the highlights included Steppe Eagle, Eurasian Sparrowhawk, Dusky Eagle Owl, Brown Fish Owl and Red-throated Pipit.

Dusky Eagle Owl
Brown Fish Owl

In the afternoon, we birded an area adjacent to a tea plantation and had Blue-naped Pitta calling. We eventually managed to get good view and some record photos of the Pitta.

In the evening, we birded the area close to the hotel and had excellent views and photos of Brown Hawk-owl and Oriental Scops Owl.

Brown Hawk-owl (Boobook)

Oriental Scops Owl

Friday 21st February: Kaziranga to Nameri

We did some early morning birding at a tea plantation, with Blue-naped Pitta heard, Yellow-bellied Warbler, Rufous-faced Warbler and Rufous-necked Laughingthrush, the latter bird being the only lifer for the day.

Rufous-necked Laughingthrush
Yellow-bellied Warbler

On our way to Nameri we stopped at Lake Brahmputra which was full of birds including at least 200 Red-crested Pochard.

Arriving at Nameri Eco Camp at midday, which had comfortable tents with an ensuite bathroom, we did some birding from mid-afternoon onwards. We birded down the dusty road to the large Kameng River which forms the border with the Nameri National Park. Interesting birds included about 40 Pale Martin plus Barred Cuckoo-dove, River Lapwing, Pied Harrier, Red-necked Falcon and Daurian Redstart.

The Pale Martin was previously a subspecies of the Sand Martin and there are some subtle differences between the two species.

In the early evening we had Collared Scops Owl, Oriental Scops Owl and Spot-bellied Eagle Owl close to camp.

Spot-bellied Eagle Owl

Collared Scops Owl

Saturday 22nd February: Nameri National Park

Early in the morning we took the dugout wooden canoe across the Kameng River into the Nameri National Park. As this is a tiger reserve we had an armed guard join us for the morning. Highlight for the morning was the White-winged Duck, a secretive forest dwelling duck, which favours swamps and wetlands within forests. Other highlights were Sand Lark and Bengal Bush lark seen on the sandy riverbanks, plus Pygmy Flycatcher and Pale-chinned Blue Flycatcher. Some good birding with 55 species for the morning.

White-winged Duck (long range photo)

In the afternoon we did some birding from the camp down to the river, with 40 species seen but no lifers. Highlights for the afternoon included Wedge-tailed Green Pigeon, Pin-tailed Snipe, Crested Goshawk, Blue-bearded Bee-eater and Whistler’s Warbler.

Sunday 23rd February: Nameri National Park

In the morning we took to a rubber raft and paddled down the Kameng River. Very pleasant trip with the outstanding bird of the morning being 11 Ibisbill, which we managed to get quite close to. 



Ibisbill

Other highlights were about 120 Small Pratincole plus Common Merganser, River Tern, Black Stork and about 40 Pale Martin.

Common Merganser

In the afternoon we birded around the camp and down to the river and had Eyebrowed Thrush, Black-throated Thrush, Pale-chinned Blue Flycatcher, Siberian Rubythroat and Slaty-backed Flycatcher. 

Monday 24th February: Nameri to Eagle’s Nest Wildlife Sanctuary

We took the long drive to Eagle’s Nest Wildlife Sanctuary (Lama Camp), with a stop along the way for roadworks, arriving at midday. The roadside stop produced some good birds including Hume’s Bush Warbler, Black-throated Bushtit, Brown Dipper, Blue-fronted Redstart, Plumbeous Water Redstart and White-capped Redstart. 

The Lama Camp is at 2,350 m elevation situated within the foothills of the Himalayas. This is substantially higher in elevation than Nameri and Kaziranga National Parks which are both at <100m elevation. The birding is quite different to the lower elevations and Eagle’s Nest is one of the top birding destinations for North East India.

Some birding in the afternoon and evening produced 10 lifers, which made a change after a few lean days. Highlights included Mountain Hawk Eagle, Japanese Sparrowhawk, Darjeeling Woodpecker, Bay Woodpecker, Black-chinned Yuhina, Stripe-throated Yuhina, Bhutan Laughingthrush, Chestnut-crowned Laughingthrush, Beautiful Sibia, Rusty-fronted Barwing, Golden-naped Finch and Olive-backed Pipit.

Stripe-throated Yuhina

We spent two hours in the early evening, out in the cold (4oC) conditions, managing to hear Hodgson’s Frogmouth and Mountain Scops Owl. Despite a lot of effort by Dhanesh, we didn’t see either bird. 

Had a cold and uncomfortable night at the Lama Camp.

Tuesday 25th February: Eagle’s Nest Wildlife Sanctuary (Lama Camp)

We birded the forested area south of Lama Camp for close to six hours in the morning, before rain and hail stopped the birding. Had some excellent birding with one of the top birds being a pair of Bugun Liocichla, a specialised and range restricted bird, which was only described as a new species in 2006.

Bugun Liocichla (Liocichla bugunorum) China | Birds, Reptiles and ...
Pair of Bugun Liocichla (photo by Sasidhar Akkiraju)

Other highlights included Kalij Pheasant, Great Barbet, Crimson-breasted Woodpecker, Grey-cheeked Warbler, Rufous-throated Wren-babbler, Himalayan Cuita, Scaly Laughingthrush, Streak-throated Barwing, Grey-sided Laughingthrush, Alpine Thrush and Rufous-breasted Bush Robin.

Birding in the afternoon produced great views of the elusive Ward’s Trogon plus Green Shrike-babbler, Black-eared Shrike-babbler and Yellow-throated Fulvetta.

Ward's Trogon

In the early evening we went back down the hill and after three hours managed to get great views of a female Hodgson’s Frogmouth which was particularly impressive for a Frogmouth. We also had Mountain Scops Owl and Large Hawk-cuckoo calling in the evening.

Had another cold and uncomfortable night at the Lama Camp and awoke the next morning to snow just above the tents.

Wednesday 26th February: Eagle’s Nest Wildlife Sanctuary (Bompu Camp)

It was a cold morning and we were supposed to leave early for the Bompu Camp. As neither Peter or Dhanesh were up for breakfast, I went birding up the road in the snow and managed to find some good birds.

Getting back to camp and now that everyone was up, we started to drive to the Bompu Camp via the pass which was under deep snow. As we had a 2WD with very little tread on the tyres, it wasn’t long before we started to lose traction and slide towards the edge of the road which was on a steeply sided valley. At that stage we abandoned the vehicle and after turning it around, walked back to Bompu Camp in the snow.

Flowers on Eagle's Nest Pass

Birding down the road in the snow did produce some good birds and I had Spotted Nutcracker, Yellow-browed Tit, White-tailed Nuthatch, Rufous-vented Yuhina, Rufous-breasted Accentor and Crimson-browed Finch.

After lunch we tried the Eagle’s Nest pass again, this time the snow had melted a bit and we followed a 4WD which assisted in opening up the road. After much slipping and sliding we got to the top of the pass and then slid down the road to Bompu Camp.

Road up Eagle's Nest Pass (after some snow melt)

A short stop near Bompu Camp produced Fire-tailed Myzornis and Golden-breasted Fulvetta. Overall, not a particularly successful day although I did manage to get five lifers.

Fire-tailed Myzornis

The Bompu Camp was at a slightly lower elevation than Lama Camp and the facilities were quite a bit better.

Thursday 27th February: Eagle’s Nest Wildlife Sanctuary (Bompu Camp)

We spent close to 11 hours birding in the lower elevation area below Bompu Camp. We had some excellent birding with the highlights being Chestnut-breasted Partridge, Brown Wood Owl, Red-headed Trogon, Sultan Tit, White-breasted Parrotbill, White-naped Yuhina, Red-tailed Minla, Long-billed Wren-babbler, Beautiful Nuthatch, Sikkim Treecreeper, Long-tailed Thrush, White-gorgeted Flycatcher, Spotted Elachura (heard only) and Himalayan Bluetail.

Sikkim Treecreeper

As the birding at Eagle’s Nest was not up to expectations and given the cold uncomfortable conditions, plus poor food, we decided to shorten our stay at Eagle’s Nest by one day. There were a number of key target birds I was particularly keen to see and despite Dhanesh saying we should find them easily, we didn’t find any of the targeted Tragopans (Blyth’s, Satyr and Temminck’s) or Blood Pheasant.

For this trip, my top targets were Tragopans, Pheasants and Monals. Given the success I had had the previous year in northern India with Pheasants, especially the Cheer Pheasant thanks to Neerdiv Bankoti, I had had high expectations for this trip.

In the evening I went out with Dhanesh and we had excellent views of a Mountain Scops Owl which flew into a perch close by. This was a bird I had heard many times in Asia but never managed to see, so thank you Dhanesh.

Friday 28th February: Eagle’s Nest (Bompu Camp) to Dirang

In the morning we went back to the same area as the previous day and managed to get some more lifers for the trip. Highlights included Grey Peacock-pheasant (heard), Grey Nightjar flushed from road, White-throated Bulbul, Striated Bulbul, White-hooded Babbler, Alpine Thrush, Nepal Fulvetta and Large Blue Flycatcher.

Striated Bulbul

At 10 am we started our drive back to Lama Camp and then onto Dirang. The scenery was now quite different as we travelled up deep valleys with large braided rivers and barren hillsides. Eagle-eyed Dhanesh spotted a Wallcreeper at a roadside cutting near the village of Singchun Basti. Peter and I jumped out and got some photos of a bird that I have tried to get quite a few times previously in Europe and India.   


Wallcreeper

We arrived at our comfortable accommodation at Dirang and had an excellent meal that night which included meat! What a pleasure to have a decent bathroom, comfortable bed and heaters.

Saturday 29th February: Mandala Pass

This was now the start of some of the best birding of the trip, high altitude birding with spectacular scenery.  Dirang is located at about 1,650m elevation with the mountains to the west forming the border with Bhutan and the mountains to the north forming the border with Tibet.  The area we visited on Mandala Pass was at about 3,500m elevation and about 6km from the Bhutan border.

View from Mandala Pass

We drove part way up the Mandala Pass in the early morning stopping for breakfast above the snow line.

Breakfast stop - Lodge is no longer in operation

We then drove further up the pass until we got stuck and then walked further up the road.

Walking up Mandala Pass (Dhanesh, myself & local guide)

Had some excellent birding for the morning with White-eyed Buzzard, Northern Goshawk, Himalayan Buzzard, Spotted Nutcracker, Grey Crested Tit, Brown-flanked Bush Warbler, Fire-tailed Mysornis, Brown-throated Fulvetta, Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler, Spotted Laughingthrush, Bhutan Laughingthrush, Rusty-flanked Treecreeper, Alpine Thrush, White-collared Blackbird, Chestnut Thrush, Hodgson’s Redstart, Rufous-breasted Accentor, Yellow-breasted Greenfinch and Red Crossbill.

Spotted Laughingthrush
Red Crossbill
Chestnut Thrush
Black-faced Warbler
Himalayan Buzzard

Himalayan Buzzard

After lunch we birded an area of the river close to Dirang and managed to get a single Black-necked Crane, the rest of the flock had already left on migration to their breeding grounds on the Tibetan Plateau. 

Black-necked Crane

On the river we had four Ibisbill and good views of two Long-billed Plover, a new wader for us.

Ibisbill - blends in with rocks in river bed
Long-billed Plover

Long-billed Plover

Sunday 1st March: Sela Pass

The Sela Pass crosses a sub-range of the Himalayas with the highest point of the pass at an elevation 4,170 m, about of 78 km from Tawang town. The Sela Lake is a large lake located on the northern side of the pass at an elevation of 4,160 m.

View from Sela Pass

In the early morning we drove up the pass which has a number of switchbacks as the road makes its way up the mountain ridge. We eventually had to stop as the vehicle lost traction on the ice on the road, at about 3,800 m elevation. We had breakfast and Dhanesh, who was shaking from the cold, wanted to walk down the hill. I said I wanted to go up the hill to find some birds, so we started a slow walk up the pass until we were just above 4,000 m in elevation. Looking at Google Earth, we must have been less than 2km from Sela Lake.

Peter and guides walking up Sela Pass

On the drive up we saw a nice flock of about 14 Snow Pigeon but not much else. As we walked up the pass, we had Alpine Accentor feeding on moss on the exposed rocks, flocks of Plain Mountain Finch flying over, Red-billed Chough and Himalayan White-browed Rosefinch.

Alpine Accentor

Once we were over 4,000 m, Dhanesh said he could hear Snow Partridge and despite searching the mountain slopes, we couldn’t locate the birds. I continued looking and the rest of the party started down the road, when I spotted two Snow Partridge on some exposed rock, then saw another three running up the road further up the pass. The rest of the party eventually got onto the birds and we managed to get some long-range photos.

Snow Partridge (long range photo)

We started to walk down the pass and had many trucks and other vehicles trying to get up the pass, most getting stuck. The snow was starting to melt, so it was very slushy and the ice extremely slippery. As we made our way down the pass, we had good views of an adult male Himalayan Monal flying down the slopes in between the trees. A magnificent bird and one of my top targets.

Further down we had several parties of birds and had Collared Owlet, Coal Tit, Rufous-vented Tit, Grey-crested Tit and White-winged Grosbeak.

Rufous-vented Tit

The morning’s trip had spectacular scenery and some excellent high-altitude birds, which if we hadn’t walked up the pass, we wouldn’t have seen. We also had perfect weather for most of the morning with sunny blue skies and we were fortunate to have gotten that far up the pass given the snowfalls earlier in the week and after we left.

We headed back to Dirang at midday and then birded the lower parts of the Mandala Pass in the afternoon, with Black-throated Prinia and Little Bunting being the highlights.

Monday 2nd March: Dirang to Nameri

Today we had the long and tedious drive back to Nameri, arriving just before midday. The original itinerary was to drive back to Guwahati which was another 4 or 5 hours away. As we had shortened our stay at Eagle’s Nest, we now had a night at Nameri. Unfortunately, there’s no easy way of getting to and from Dirang. 

Birding in the farming area close to Nameri Eco Camp had some good birds including two Brown Hawk Owl at their daytime roost, Indian Stone Curlew, Blue-bearded Bee-eater, Black-winged Cuckooshrike, Bengal Bush Shrike, Black-throated Thrush, Siberian Rubythroat and Golden-fronted Leafbird.

Brown Hawk Owl at daytime roost

Tuesday 3rd March: Nameri to Guwahati

On the drive to Guwahati, we stopped at Lake Brahmputra which was full of water birds, waders and pipits. It was windy and dusty in the morning, but we still managed to get some good birds with the highlights being Paddyfield Warbler, Pale Martin, Dusky Warbler, Rosy Pipit, Blyth’s Pipit and Paddyfield Pipit.  The Paddyfield Warbler was the last lifer for myself for this trip and was one that liked to skulk in the heavy undergrowth of brambles and bushes.

After checking into our upmarket hotel in Guwahati, we did some birding in mid-afternoon at the Deepor Beel Bird Sanctuary before high winds and thunderstorm put an end to the birding. This birding site consists of a large lake with hyacinth covering part of the lake with cattle grazing around the lake fringes. It’s adjacent to the Guwahati Waste Disposal site and has huge numbers of ducks and other species.

Highlights for the afternoon included a Short-eared Owl seen in flight and on ground, well over 200 Fulvous Whistling Duck, Lesser Whistling Duck and Citrine Wagtail.

Wednesday 4th March: Guwahati

Today we were focussed on seeing Falcated Duck and Baer’s Pochard which are rare species for India but regular visitors to Deepor Beel. We had been looking for these birds at a number of sites during our trip and hadn’t found them.

Dhanesh organise a dug out wooden canoe to take us onto the lake which enabled us to get a lot closer to the many water birds. After the boat trip we birded from the shore. Had 56 species for the morning with highlights being 11 species of duck, Ruff, Common Snipe, Pin-tailed Snipe, Spotted Redshank and about 30 Citrine Wagtail. No sign of the two target ducks despite 6 hours of searching.

Lesser Whistling Duck

In the late afternoon, we visited the Guwahati Waste Disposal site and had about 200 Greater Adjutant and 100 Lesser Adjutant. We also had a couple of Red Knot, Temminck’s Stint, Striated Grassbird, Streaked Weaver, Rosy Pipit and Red-throated Pipit.

Lesser Adjutant
Striated Grassbird

That evening, Peter was flying out of Guwahati and when reviewing his photos at the airport, he managed to find a photo of the Falcated Duck which had been taken that morning and was in amongst the hundreds of other ducks.

Thursday 5th March: Guwahati to Bengaluru

In the morning Dhanesh and I did another boat trip on the Deepor Beel lake and then birded from the side of the lake, in an attempt to find the Falcated Duck and Baer’s Pochard.  Some good birding with 52 species recorded but all birds which had been seen previously on the trip.

Grey-headed Lapwing

After lunch we went to the airport and I flew to Bengaluru on Indigo Airlines in the evening and then onto Kuala Lumpur on Malaysian Airlines, departing at midnight. I had a short stopover at KUL airport before flying onto HCMC in Vietnam for the next birding trip.  

Special thanks to Dhanesh for his enthusiasm and expert guiding. 


Mammals

I recorded a total number 9 mammals for the trip:

Proboscidea

Elephants (Elephantidae)

Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus)

Primates

Old World Monkeys (Cercopithecidae)

Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta)

Rodentia

Squirrels & Marmots (Sciuridae)

Orange-bellied Himalayan Squirrel (Dremomys lokriah)

Carnivora

Mustelids (Mustelidae)

Smooth-coated Otter (Lutrogale perspicillata)

Perissodactyla

Rhinoceroses (Rhinocerotidae)

Indian Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis)

Artiodactyla

Pigs (Suidae)

Wild Boar (Sus scrofa)

Deer (Cervidae)

Hog Deer (Axis porcinus)

Sambar (Rusa unicolor)

Cattle & Spiral-horned Antelope (Bovidae)

Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)

 

Birds

I recorded a total of 415 birds of which 88 were lifers and 2 only heard. The list of birds according to the IOC taxonomy, with subspecies identified where possible, was as follows:

GALLIFORMES

Pheasants and allies (Phasianidae)

Snow Partridge (Lerwa lerwa)

Grey Francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus)

Swamp Francolin (Francolinus gularis)

Chestnut-breasted Partridge (Arborophila mandellii)

Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus impejanus)

Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus)

Kalij Pheasant (Lophura leucomelanos)

Grey Peacock-pheasant (Polyplectron bicalcaratum)

Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus)

ANSERIFORMES

Ducks, Geese and Swans (Anatidae)

Fulvous Whistling Duck (Dendrocygna bicolor)

Lesser Whistling Duck (Dendrocygna javanica)

Bar-headed Goose (Anser indicus)

Ruddy Shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea)

White-winged Duck (Asarcornis scutulata)

Cotton Pygmy Goose (Nettapus coromandelianus)

Garganey (Spatula querquedula)

Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata)

Gadwall (Mareca strepera)

Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope)

Indian Spot-billed Duck (Anas poecilorhyncha)

Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)

Northern Pintail (Anas acuta)

Eurasian Teal (Anas crecca)

Red-crested Pochard (Netta rufina)

Common Pochard (Aythya ferina)

Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca)

Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula)

Common Merganser (Mergus merganser)

CAPRIMULGIFORMES

Frogmouths (Podargidae)

Hodgson's Frogmouth (Batrachostomus hodgsoni)

Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)

Grey Nightjar (Caprimulgus jotaka)

APODIFORMES

Swifts (Apodidae)

Himalayan Swiftlet (Aerodramus brevirostris)

Asian Palm Swift (Cypsiurus balasiensis)

Little Swift (Apus affinis)

House Swift (Apus nipalensis)

CUCULIFORMES

Cuckoos (Cuculidae)

Greater Coucal (Centropus sinensis)

Lesser Coucal (Centropus bengalensis)

Asian Koel (Eudynamys scolopaceus)

Plaintive Cuckoo (Cacomantis merulinus)

Grey-bellied Cuckoo (Cacomantis passerinus)

Large Hawk-cuckoo (Hierococcyx sparverioides)

Common Hawk-cuckoo (Hierococcyx varius)

COLUMBIFORMES

Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Rock Dove (Columba livia)

Snow Pigeon (Columba leuconota)

Oriental Turtle Dove (Streptopelia orientalis)

Spotted Dove (Spilopelia chinensis)

Laughing Dove (Spilopelia senegalensis)

Barred Cuckoo-dove (Macropygia unchall)

Common Emerald Dove (Chalcophaps indica)

Yellow-footed Green Pigeon (Treron phoenicopterus)

Wedge-tailed Green Pigeon (Treron sphenurus)

Green Imperial Pigeon (Ducula aenea)

Mountain Imperial Pigeon (Ducula badia)

GRUIFORMES

Rails, Crakes and Coots (Rallidae)

White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus)

Ruddy-breasted Crake (Porzana fusca)

Grey-headed Swamphen (Porphyrio poliocephalus)

Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus)

Eurasian Coot (Fulica atra)

Cranes (Gruidae)

Black-necked Crane (Grus nigricollis)

PODICIPEDIFORMES

Grebes (Podicipedidae)

Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis)

Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus)

CHARADRIIFORMES

Stone-curlews, Thick-knees (Burhinidae)

Indian Stone-Curlew (Burhinus indicus)

Ibisbill (Ibidorhynchidae)

Ibisbill (Ibidorhyncha struthersii)

Stilts, Avocets (Recurvirostridae)

Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus)

Plovers (Charadriidae)

Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus)

River Lapwing (Vanellus duvaucelii)

Grey-headed Lapwing (Vanellus cinereus)

Red-wattled Lapwing (Vanellus indicus)

Pacific Golden Plover (Pluvialis fulva)

Long-billed Plover (Charadrius placidus)

Little Ringed Plover (Charadrius dubius)

Jacanas (Jacanidae)

Pheasant-tailed Jacana (Hydrophasianus chirurgus)

Bronze-winged Jacana (Metopidius indicus)

Sandpipers, Snipes (Scolopacidae)

Red Knot (Calidris canutus)

Ruff (Calidris pugnax)

Temminck's Stint (Calidris temminckii)

Little Stint (Calidris minuta)

Pin-tailed Snipe (Gallinago stenura)

Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago)

Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos)

Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus)

Common Redshank (Tringa totanus)

Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis)

Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola)

Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus)

Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia)

Coursers, Pratincoles (Glareolidae)

Small Pratincole (Glareola lactea)

Gulls, Terns and Skimmers (Laridae)

River Tern (Sterna aurantia)

Black-bellied Tern (Sterna acuticauda)

CICONIIFORMES

Storks (Ciconiidae)

Painted Stork (Mycteria leucocephala)

Asian Openbill (Anastomus oscitans)

Black Stork (Ciconia nigra)

Woolly-necked Stork (Ciconia episcopus)

Black-necked Stork (Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus)

Lesser Adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus)

Greater Adjutant (Leptoptilos dubius)

SULIFORMES

Cormorants, Shags (Phalacrocoracidae)

Little Cormorant (Microcarbo niger)

Indian Cormorant (Phalacrocorax fuscicollis)

Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo)

Anhingas, Darters (Anhingidae)

Oriental Darter (Anhinga melanogaster)

PELECANIFORMES

Ibises, Spoonbills (Threskiornithidae)

Black-headed Ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus)

Glossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus)

Herons, Bitterns (Ardeidae)

Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)

Striated Heron (Butorides striata)

Indian Pond Heron (Ardeola grayii)

Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus)

Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea)

Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea)

Great Egret (Ardea alba)

Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia)

Little Egret (Egretta garzetta)

Pelicans (Pelecanidae)

Spot-billed Pelican (Pelecanus philippensis)

ACCIPITRIFORMES

Ospreys (Pandionidae)

Western Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)

Kites, Hawks and Eagles (Accipitridae)

Black-winged Kite (Elanus caeruleus)

Crested Honey Buzzard (Pernis ptilorhynchus)

White-rumped Vulture (Gyps bengalensis)

Slender-billed Vulture (Gyps tenuirostris)

Crested Serpent Eagle (Spilornis cheela)

Mountain Hawk-eagle (Nisaetus nipalensis)

Black Eagle (Ictinaetus malaiensis)

Greater Spotted Eagle (Clanga clanga)

Steppe Eagle (Aquila nipalensis)

Crested Goshawk (Accipiter trivirgatus)

Shikra (Accipiter badius)

Japanese Sparrowhawk (Accipiter gularis)

Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus)

Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis)

Pied Harrier (Circus melanoleucos)

Black Kite (Milvus migrans)

Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus)

Pallas's Fish Eagle (Haliaeetus leucoryphus)

White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla)

Grey-headed Fish Eagle (Haliaeetus ichthyaetus)

White-eyed Buzzard (Butastur teesa)

Himalayan Buzzard (Buteo burmanicus)

STRIGIFORMES

Owls (Strigidae)

Mountain Scops Owl (Otus spilocephalus)

Collared Scops Owl (Otus lettia)

Oriental Scops Owl (Otus sunia)

Spot-bellied Eagle-owl (Bubo nipalensis)

Dusky Eagle-owl (Bubo coromandus)

Brown Fish Owl (Ketupa zeylonensis)

Brown Wood Owl (Strix leptogrammica)

Collared Owlet (Glaucidium brodiei)

Asian Barred Owlet (Glaucidium cuculoides)

Spotted Owlet (Athene brama)

Brown Hawk-owl (Ninox scutulata)

Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus)

TROGONIFORMES

Trogons (Trogonidae)

Red-headed Trogon (Harpactes erythrocephalus)

Ward's Trogon (Harpactes wardi)

BUCEROTIFORMES

Hoopoes (Upupidae)

Eurasian Hoopoe (Upupa epops)

Hornbills (Bucerotidae)

Great Hornbill (Buceros bicornis)

Oriental Pied Hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris)

CORACIIFORMES

Rollers (Coraciidae)

Indochinese Roller (Coracias affinis)

Oriental Dollarbird (Eurystomus orientalis)

Kingfishers (Alcedinidae)

Stork-billed Kingfisher (Pelargopsis capensis)

White-throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis)

Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis)

Pied Kingfisher (Ceryle rudis)

Bee-eaters (Meropidae)

Blue-bearded Bee-eater (Nyctyornis athertoni)

Green Bee-eater (Merops orientalis)

Chestnut-headed Bee-eater (Merops leschenaulti)

PICIFORMES

Asian Barbets (Megalaimidae)

Great Barbet (Psilopogon virens)

Lineated Barbet (Psilopogon lineatus)

Golden-throated Barbet (Psilopogon franklinii)

Blue-throated Barbet (Psilopogon asiaticus)

Coppersmith Barbet (Psilopogon haemacephalus)

Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker (Yungipicus canicapillus)

Crimson-breasted Woodpecker (Dryobates cathpharius)

Rufous-bellied Woodpecker (Dendrocopos hyperythrus)

Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos macei)

Darjeeling Woodpecker (Dendrocopos darjellensis)

Lesser Yellownape (Picus chlorolophus)

Grey-headed Woodpecker (Picus canus)

Black-rumped Flameback (Dinopium benghalense)

Greater Flameback (Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus)

Bay Woodpecker (Blythipicus pyrrhotis)

FALCONIFORMES

Caracaras, Falcons (Falconidae)

Pied Falconet (Microhierax melanoleucos)

Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus)

Red-necked Falcon (Falco chicquera)

PSITTACIFORMES

Old World Parrots (Psittaculidae)

Blossom-headed Parakeet (Psittacula roseata)

Red-breasted Parakeet (Psittacula alexandri)

Alexandrine Parakeet (Psittacula eupatria)

Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri)

PASSERIFORMES

Pittas (Pittidae)

Blue-naped Pitta (Hydrornis nipalensis)

Vangas and allies (Vangidae)

Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike (Hemipus picatus)

Large Woodshrike (Tephrodornis virgatus)

Woodswallows, butcherbirds and allies (Artamidae)

Ashy Woodswallow (Artamus fuscus)

Ioras (Aegithinidae)

Common Iora (Aegithina tiphia)

Cuckooshrikes (Campephagidae)

Grey-chinned Minivet (Pericrocotus solaris)

Short-billed Minivet (Pericrocotus brevirostris)

Long-tailed Minivet (Pericrocotus ethologus)

Scarlet Minivet (Pericrocotus speciosus)

Large Cuckooshrike (Coracina macei)

Black-winged Cuckooshrike (Lalage melaschistos)

Shrikes (Laniidae)

Brown Shrike (Lanius cristatus)

Long-tailed Shrike (Lanius schach)

Vireos, Greenlets (Vireonidae)

Blyth's Shrike-babbler (Pteruthius aeralatus)

Green Shrike-babbler (Pteruthius xanthochlorus)

Black-eared Shrike-babbler (Pteruthius melanotis)

Figbirds, Orioles (Oriolidae)

Maroon Oriole (Oriolus traillii)

Black-hooded Oriole (Oriolus xanthornus)

Drongos (Dicruridae)

Black Drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus)

Ashy Drongo (Dicrurus leucophaeus)

Bronzed Drongo (Dicrurus aeneus)

Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo (Dicrurus remifer)

Hair-crested Drongo (Dicrurus hottentottus)

Greater Racket-tailed Drongo (Dicrurus paradiseus)

Fantails (Rhipiduridae)

White-throated Fantail (Rhipidura albicollis)

Crows, Jays (Corvidae)

Eurasian Jay (Garrulus glandarius)

Common Green Magpie (Cissa chinensis)

Rufous Treepie (Dendrocitta vagabunda)

Grey Treepie (Dendrocitta formosae)

Spotted Nutcracker (Nucifraga caryocatactes)

Red-billed Chough (Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax)

House Crow (Corvus splendens)

Large-billed Crow (Corvus macrorhynchos)

Eastern Jungle Crow (Corvus levaillantii)

Fairy Flycatchers (Stenostiridae)

Yellow-bellied Fantail (Chelidorhynx hypoxanthus)

Grey-headed Canary-flycatcher (Culicicapa ceylonensis)

Tits, Chickadees (Paridae)

Yellow-browed Tit (Sylviparus modestus)

Sultan Tit (Melanochlora sultanea)

Rufous-vented Tit (Periparus rubidiventris)

Coal Tit (Periparus ater)

Grey Crested Tit (Lophophanes dichrous)

Cinereous Tit (Parus cinereus)

Green-backed Tit (Parus monticolus)

Larks (Alaudidae)

Bengal Bush Lark (Mirafra assamica)

Indian Bush Lark (Mirafra erythroptera)

Oriental Skylark (Alauda gulgula)

Sand Lark (Alaudala raytal)

Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae)

Striated Bulbul (Pycnonotus striatus)

Black-crested Bulbul (Pycnonotus flaviventris)

Red-whiskered Bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus)

Red-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus cafer)

White-throated Bulbul (Alophoixus flaveolus)

Mountain Bulbul (Ixos mcclellandii)

Ashy Bulbul (Hemixos flavala)

Black Bulbul (Hypsipetes leucocephalus)

Swallows, Martins (Hirundinidae)

Grey-throated Martin (Riparia chinensis)

Pale Martin (Riparia diluta)

Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)

Wire-tailed Swallow (Hirundo smithii)

Dusky Crag Martin (Ptyonoprogne concolor)

Red-rumped Swallow (Cecropis daurica)

Cupwings (Pnoepygidae)

Scaly-breasted Cupwing (Pnoepyga albiventer)

Pygmy Cupwing (Pnoepyga pusilla)

Cettia bush warblers and allies (Cettiidae)

Yellow-bellied Warbler (Abroscopus superciliaris)

Rufous-faced Warbler (Abroscopus albogularis)

Black-faced Warbler (Abroscopus schisticeps)

Brown-flanked Bush Warbler (Horornis fortipes)

Hume's Bush Warbler (Horornis brunnescens)

Bushtits (Aegithalidae)

Black-throated Bushtit (Aegithalos concinnus)

Leaf warblers and allies (Phylloscopidae)

Ashy-throated Warbler (Phylloscopus maculipennis)

Yellow-browed Warbler (Phylloscopus inornatus)

Tickell's Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus affinis)

Dusky Warbler (Phylloscopus fuscatus)

White-spectacled Warbler (Phylloscopus intermedius)

Grey-cheeked Warbler (Phylloscopus poliogenys)

Whistler's Warbler (Phylloscopus whistleri)

Greenish Warbler (Phylloscopus trochiloides)

Chestnut-crowned Warbler (Phylloscopus castaniceps)

Blyth's Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus reguloides)

Grey-hooded Warbler (Phylloscopus xanthoschistos)

Reed warblers and allies (Acrocephalidae)

Clamorous Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus stentoreus)

Paddyfield Warbler (Acrocephalus agricola)

Blyth's Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus dumetorum)

Grassbirds and allies (Locustellidae)

Striated Grassbird (Megalurus palustris)

Cisticolas and Allies (Cisticolidae)

Zitting Cisticola (Cisticola juncidis)

Black-throated Prinia (Prinia atrogularis)

Ashy Prinia (Prinia socialis)

Plain Prinia (Prinia inornata)

Common Tailorbird (Orthotomus sutorius)

Babblers (Timaliidae)

Spot-breasted Scimitar Babbler (Pomatorhinus mcclellandi)

White-browed Scimitar Babbler (Pomatorhinus schisticeps)

Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler (Pomatorhinus ruficollis)

Coral-billed Scimitar Babbler (Pomatorhinus ferruginosus)

Rufous-throated Wren-babbler (Spelaeornis caudatus)

Grey-throated Babbler (Stachyris nigriceps)

Buff-chested Babbler (Stachyridopsis ambigua)

Rufous-capped Babbler (Stachyridopsis ruficeps)

Golden Babbler (Stachyridopsis chrysaea)

Pin-striped Tit-Babbler (Macronus gularis)

Fulvettas, Ground Babblers (Pellorneidae)

Yellow-throated Fulvetta (Alcippe cinerea)

Rufous-winged Fulvetta (Alcippe castaneceps)

Nepal Fulvetta (Alcippe nipalensis)

White-hooded Babbler (Gampsorhynchus rufulus)

Long-billed Wren-babbler (Rimator malacoptilus)

Puff-throated Babbler (Pellorneum ruficeps)

Laughingthrushes (Leiothrichidae)

Striated Laughingthrush (Grammatoptila striata)

Himalayan Cutia (Cutia nipalensis)

Scaly Laughingthrush (Trochalopteron subunicolor)

Blue-winged Laughingthrush (Trochalopteron squamatum)

Chestnut-crowned Laughingthrush (Trochalopteron erythrocephalum)

Bhutan Laughingthrush (Trochalopteron imbricatum)

Bar-throated Minla (Actinodura strigula)

Rusty-fronted Barwing (Actinodura egertoni)

Blue-winged Minla (Actinodura cyanouroptera)

Streak-throated Barwing (Actinodura waldeni)

Red-tailed Minla (Minla ignotincta)

Silver-eared Mesia (Leiothrix argentauris)

Bugun Liocichla (Liocichla bugunorum)

Beautiful Sibia (Heterophasia pulchella)

Long-tailed Sibia (Heterophasia picaoides)

Large Grey Babbler (Argya malcolmi)

Jungle Babbler (Argya striata)

Slender-billed Babbler (Argya longirostris)

Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush (Garrulax monileger)

Spotted Laughingthrush (Ianthocincla ocellata)

Rufous-necked Laughingthrush (Pterorhinus ruficollis)

Grey-sided Laughingthrush (Pterorhinus caerulatus)

Sylviid Babblers (Sylviidae)

Fire-tailed Myzornis (Myzornis pyrrhoura)

Golden-breasted Fulvetta (Lioparus chrysotis)

Brown-throated Fulvetta (Fulvetta ludlowi)

White-breasted Parrotbill (Psittiparus ruficeps)

White-eyes (Zosteropidae)

Striated Yuhina (Yuhina castaniceps)

White-naped Yuhina (Yuhina bakeri)

Whiskered Yuhina (Yuhina flavicollis)

Stripe-throated Yuhina (Yuhina gularis)

Rufous-vented Yuhina (Yuhina occipitalis)

Black-chinned Yuhina (Yuhina nigrimenta)

Goldcrests, Kinglets (Regulidae)

Goldcrest (Regulus regulus)

Elachuras (Elachuridae)

Spotted Elachura (Elachura formosa)

Wrens (Troglodytidae)

Eurasian Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes)

Nuthatches (Sittidae)

Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch (Sitta cinnamoventris)

White-tailed Nuthatch (Sitta himalayensis)

Velvet-fronted Nuthatch (Sitta frontalis)

Beautiful Nuthatch (Sitta formosa)

Wallcreeper (Tichodromidae)

Wallcreeper (Tichodroma muraria)

Treecreepers (Certhiidae)

Rusty-flanked Treecreeper (Certhia nipalensis)

Sikkim Treecreeper (Certhia discolor)

Starlings, Rhabdornis (Sturnidae)

Spot-winged Starling (Saroglossa spilopterus)

Common Hill Myna (Gracula religiosa)

Great Myna (Acridotheres grandis)

Jungle Myna (Acridotheres fuscus)

Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis)

Pied Myna (Gracupica contra)

Chestnut-tailed Starling (Sturnia malabarica)

Thrushes (Turdidae)

Alpine Thrush (Zoothera mollissima)

Long-tailed Thrush (Zoothera dixoni)

White-collared Blackbird (Turdus albocinctus)

Grey-winged Blackbird (Turdus boulboul)

Chestnut Thrush (Turdus rubrocanus)

Eyebrowed Thrush (Turdus obscurus)

Black-throated Thrush (Turdus atrogularis)

Chats, Old World Flycatchers (Muscicapidae)

Indian Robin (Copsychus fulicatus)

Oriental Magpie-robin (Copsychus saularis)

Asian Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa dauurica)

White-gorgeted Flycatcher (Anthipes monileger)

Pale-chinned Blue Flycatcher (Cyornis poliogenys)

Large Blue Flycatcher (Cyornis magnirostris)

Large Niltava (Niltava grandis)

Small Niltava (Niltava macgrigoriae)

Verditer Flycatcher (Eumyias thalassinus)

Siberian Rubythroat (Calliope calliope)

Rufous-breasted Bush Robin (Tarsiger hyperythrus)

Himalayan Bluetail (Tarsiger rufilatus)

Black-backed Forktail (Enicurus immaculatus)

Spotted Forktail (Enicurus maculatus)

Blue Whistling Thrush (Myophonus caeruleus)

Slaty-backed Flycatcher (Ficedula hodgsonii)

Taiga Flycatcher (Ficedula albicilla)

Little Pied Flycatcher (Ficedula westermanni)

Sapphire Flycatcher (Ficedula sapphira)

Pygmy Flycatcher (Muscicapella hodgsoni)

Black Redstart (Phoenicurus ochruros)

Hodgson's Redstart (Phoenicurus hodgsoni)

Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus)

Blue-fronted Redstart (Phoenicurus frontalis)

Plumbeous Water Redstart (Phoenicurus fuliginosus)

White-capped Redstart (Phoenicurus leucocephalus)

Blue Rock Thrush (Monticola solitarius)

Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush (Monticola rufiventris)

Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola maurus)

Grey Bush Chat (Saxicola ferreus)

Dippers (Cinclidae)

Brown Dipper (Cinclus pallasii)

Leafbirds (Chloropseidae)

Golden-fronted Leafbird (Chloropsis aurifrons)

Orange-bellied Leafbird (Chloropsis hardwickii)

Flowerpeckers (Dicaeidae)

Fire-breasted Flowerpecker (Dicaeum ignipectus)

Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker (Dicaeum cruentatum)

Sunbirds (Nectariniidae)

Ruby-cheeked Sunbird (Chalcoparia singalensis)

Purple-rumped Sunbird (Leptocoma zeylonica)

Purple Sunbird (Cinnyris asiaticus)

Green-tailed Sunbird (Aethopyga nipalensis)

Black-throated Sunbird (Aethopyga saturata)

Crimson Sunbird (Aethopyga siparaja)

Little Spiderhunter (Arachnothera longirostra)

Streaked Spiderhunter (Arachnothera magna)

Old World Sparrows, Snowfinches (Passeridae)

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

Russet Sparrow (Passer cinnamomeus)

Eurasian Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus)

Weavers, Widowbirds (Ploceidae)

Streaked Weaver (Ploceus manyar)

Baya Weaver (Ploceus philippinus)

Finn's Weaver (Ploceus megarhynchus)

Waxbills, Munias and Allies (Estrildidae)

Scaly-breasted Munia (Lonchura punctulata)

Accentors (Prunellidae)

Alpine Accentor (Prunella collaris)

Rufous-breasted Accentor (Prunella strophiata)

Maroon-backed Accentor (Prunella immaculata)

Wagtails, Pipits (Motacillidae)

Western Yellow Wagtail (Motacilla flava)

Citrine Wagtail (Motacilla citreola)

Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea)

White Wagtail (Motacilla alba)

White-browed Wagtail (Motacilla maderaspatensis)

Paddyfield Pipit (Anthus rufulus)

Blyth's Pipit (Anthus godlewskii)

Olive-backed Pipit (Anthus hodgsoni)

Rosy Pipit (Anthus roseatus)

Red-throated Pipit (Anthus cervinus)

Finches (Fringillidae)

White-winged Grosbeak (Mycerobas carnipes)

Golden-naped Finch (Pyrrhoplectes epauletta)

Plain Mountain Finch (Leucosticte nemoricola)

Common Rosefinch (Carpodacus erythrinus)

Himalayan White-browed Rosefinch (Carpodacus thura)

Crimson-browed Finch (Carpodacus subhimachalus)

Yellow-breasted Greenfinch (Chloris spinoides)

Red Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra)

Buntings (Emberizidae)

Little Bunting (Emberiza pusilla)