Bali and Sulawesi - May 2010


This report is based on an eight day birding trip to Bali and north-eastern Sulawesi from 13th to 21st May 2010. The birding in Bali consisted of a day trip to the Bali Barat National Park (West Bali) specifically to see the Bali Myna and was organised by Oswald Huma of Birdingpal. The trip to the Bogani Nani Wartabone and Tangkoko National Parks in Sulawesi was targeted at the Sulawesi endemics and was organised by Theo Henoch of Sulawesi-LW-Adventures. Peter Waanders of South Australia joined me for the Sulawesi part of the trip.

A total of 145 species (58 in Bali and 104 in Sulawesi) were seen by myself during the seven days of birding of which 68 species were lifers. Regarding the Sulawesi endemics, a total of 37 endemics were seen out of a possible 90 endemics, which considering that only a small part of Sulawesi was visited for a short period, gives an indication of the quality of birding for the area.

Birding highlights in Bali were the Bali Myna, Black-winged Starling, Oriental Hobby and Black-thighed Falconet.
Bali Myna at nestbox
Birding highlights in Sulawesi were numerous, however of special note was seeing the Maleo (adults plus chick), Martinan Blue Flycatcher (poorly known species), Red-backed Thrush, all of the six possible species of owl (Minahassa Masked, Sulawesi Masked, Sulawesi Scops, Ochre-bellied Boobook, Cinnabar Boobook & Speckled Boobook) and two nightjars (Great Eared & Sulawesi).  

Ochre-bellied Boobook
Of the sites visited in Sulawesi, Tambun National Park had the greatest diversity of birds and was very pleasant for birding, with the highlight being the Maleo.  Birding at Gunung Ambang was made more difficult by recent heavy rains which meant that the tracks were slippery and had deep mud in places. Birding at Tangkoko in the coastal forest was hard work due to the high humidity and relatively high coastal temperatures compared with the inland sites.

The boat trip to the mangroves close to Tangkoko was very pleasant and made a change from trudging through the forests. That said, all the sites needed to be visited in order to see as many of the Sulawesi specialities and endemics as possible.   

Bay at Tangkoko
The trip took place at the end of the wet season and there had been a lot of rain in the week prior to our arrival. During the trip there were several heavy downpours, mainly at night time, with the rain clearing by 7am. Generally the weather was hot and humid, with more pleasant temperatures being experienced at the higher elevations.

The trip arrangements went very well and this was a testament to the effort put in by Oswald Huma and Theo Henoch and their support teams.
Theo Henoch (white shirt)

The itinerary was as follows:
1.     13 May - Arrived in Denpasar in late afternoon on direct flight from Melbourne.
2.     14 May – West Bali – Met up with Oswald Huma and drove to Bali Barat National Park, leaving Denpasar at 5am and arriving at 8am. Travelled to Brumbun on Pulau Menjangan by boat, returning for lunch. Visited various sites within the Bali Barat National Park in afternoon, returning to Denpasar in evening.
3.     15 May – Manado-Kotamobagu - Flight from Denpasar to Manado, with 4 hour stopover in Makassar, arriving in Manado in early afternoon. Peter Waanders from South Australia had flown in from Singapore, also arriving in early afternoon. We were met at the airport by Theo Henoch of Sulawesi-LW-Adventures and drove to Kotamobagu, which took about 6 hours with a stop for dinner on the way.
4.    16 May – Gunung Ambang - Early morning drive to Sinsingon for bird watching in Gunung Ambang. The target birds for this site are the Scaly-breasted Kingfisher, Matinan Flycatcher and Cinnabar Boobook. Evening birding to locate owls and nightjars. Overnight in Kotamobagu.
5.    17 May – Tambun - Early morning check out and drive to Tambun for birding at Maleo birding site. In the afternoon birding again in Tambun. Dinner and overnight at guest house in Doloduo which is a village close to Tambun.
6.    18 May – Puncak Temboan, Tangkoko – Heavy rain overnight and still raining in morning, so decided to leave Doloduo early and drive through to Manado and then on to Tangkoko. Stopped at Puncak Temboan, which overlooks the forest of Tangkoko, for 2 to 3 hours in the late afternoon, before going onto Mama Roos Guest House in Tangkoko.
7.    19 May – Tangkoko - Morning birding in secondary forest, scrub and grasslands and then on into the primary forest. Lunch at Guest House and then birding again in Tangkoko in late afternoon through to evening. Back for dinner and overnight.
8.    20 May – Tangkoko - Morning birding in the park and then in the afternoon a boating trip to see the Sulawesi Masked Owl nesting site on the cliff and to the mangrove for the Great-Billed Kingfisher. Return for dinner and overnight.
  1. 21 May - Tangkoko-Airport - Check out in the morning and then birding at Puncak Temboan on the main road for three hours before heading to the airport for flights leaving in early afternoon.
Information on sites visited

Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park

Bogani Nani Wartabone is a large (287,000 hectares) national park on Minahassa peninsula of northern Sulawesi. Formerly known as Dumoga Bone National Park, it was established in 1991 and was renamed in honour of Nani Wartabone, a local resistance fighter who drove the Japanese from Gorontalo during the World War II.

Bolaang Mongondow is the westernmost regency of North Sulawesi and it takes around five hours to drive from Manado to Kotamobagu the administrative capital, using either the coastal road via Inobonto or the winding mountain road via Modoinding. Geographically dominating the regency is the Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park.

The park has been identified by Wildlife Conservation Society as the single most important site for the conservation of Sulawesi wildlife and is home to a large number of endemic Sulawesi species. The species observed in the park include among others the poorly understood Cinnabar Boobook which was only described scientifically in 1999.

The Cinnabar Boobook (Ninox ios) an endemic to Sulawesi and was previously identified as a rufous morph of the Ochre-bellied Boobook. It was described as a new species to science by American ornithologist Pamela Rasmussen in 1999 based on a single specimen collected by Frank Rozendaal from Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park in 1985. Subsequently it has also been observed in Lore Lindu National Park in central Sulawesi, greatly expanding the known habitat range.

Among the larger animals of the park are North Sulawesi Babirusa (Babyrousa celebensis) and the Celebes Warty Pig (Sus celebensis).

Likewise, the Maleo bird, a megapode which lays an egg eight times the size of a chicken’s egg into warm volcanic soils to incubate it. It’s possible to see Maleo and their chicks at two major nesting sites near Tambun and Tumokang.

The park is threatened by uncontrolled logging, poaching and illegal gold mining.

Gunung Ambang

To the east of the Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park lies the small (8,000 hectares) Cagar Alam (Nature Reserve) Gunung Ambang which includes extensive areas of montane forest.

A chain of mountains runs along almost the entire length of the northern peninsula of Sulawesi. In the west this forms the Tentolo-Matinan range and reaches heights of over 2,000m, whilst to the east the Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park includes extensive areas of montane forest.

Gunung Ambang is an impressive mountain which is reached by passing through the coffee plantations between Modayag and Lake Mooat and is 27 km from Kotamobagu.

Like many reserves throughout Indonesia, Ambang has not been surveyed in detail and the biological diversity it supports has yet to be adequately documented, such as two of Sulawesi's threatened endemics, the Matinan Blue Flycatcher (Cyornis sanfordi) and the recently described Cinnabar Hawk Owl (Ninox ios).

During the visit both Peter Waanders and I had good views of a Grey-headed Canary-flycatcher (Culicicapa ceylonensis) which is not recorded in Sulawesi according to the Guide to the Birds of Wallacea.

The reserve is an excellent birding site, easy to reach from the provincial town of Kotamobagu, although at the time of the visit was very muddy due to recent heavy rain.

The reserve is under the administration of the National Park office in Kotamobagu and visitors must obtain permits and need to be accompanied by a ranger.

Tangkoko National Park

Tangkoko Duasudara nature reserve (8,745 hectares) lies north of Bitung, on the northernmost tip of Sulawesi, about 40km or two hour’s drive from Manado.

The topography is dominated by the two volcanic cones of Gunung Duasudara (1,351m) and Gunung Tangkoko (1,109m), which are linked by a ridge. A further volcanic cone, the active  Gunung Batuangus (450m), lies to the south-east, while to the north-west lies the extensive Pata plateau. To the north-east the steep topography attenuates towards a coast characterised by alternating bays and rocky headlands.

The predominant vegetation is primary lowland rain forest which occurs around the three main peaks and on the Pata plateau up to 600m. Above 600m, sub-mountain rain forest displays physical changes in both structure and species composition. Canopy height and mean leaf size are smaller and bryophytes and ferns predominate in the under storey and on trees.

Lilac Kingfisher
The unusually high productivity of the lowland forest has resulted in a faunal composition with large numbers of relatively few species. This is exemplified by the frugivores, particularly the endemic Celebes Crested Macaque (Macaca nigra), for which population densities of about 300 per sq. km have been recorded. Other endemic species include Spectral Tarsier (Tarsius tarsier), Sulawesi Bear Cuscus (Phalanger ursinus) and Sulawesi Dwarf Cuscus (Strigocuscus celebensis). During the trip, the first three mammals were seen and in addition several Northeastern Xanthurus Rat (Rattus xanthurus) were seen at night.
Celebes Crested Macaque (Macaca nigra)
Spectral Tarsier (Tarsius tarsier)

Avifauna is well represented with some 140 species recorded in the reserve. Many of the target species were seen, however it takes a lot of hard work to find some of the species, such as the Minahassa Masked Owl, Red-bellied Pitta (heard but not seen) and Red-backed Thrush. The forests are hot and humid and keeping up with Samuel, the local guide who has an uncanny ability to find birds, takes some getting used to. However even with Samuel and Theo assisting, the forest at times can be frustratingly quiet. 

Bali Barat National Park

Bali Barat (West Bali) is located on the north western side of Bali, Indonesia. The park covers around 77,000 hectares, which is approximately 10% of Bali's total land area.

To the north of the national park, it includes a 1 km long beach, reef and islets. A seaport at Gilimanuk is west of the park, and the village of Goris is to the east. Bali Barat can be reached by roads from Gilimanuk and Singaraja or by using ferries from Ketapang, Java.

There are several habitats in Bali Barat, a savanna, mangroves, montane and mixed-monsoon forests, and coral islands. The centre of the park is dominated by remnants of four volcanic mountains from Pleistocene era, with Gunung Patas at 1,412 metres its highest elevation.

Bali Barat is the last stronghold of the endangered Bali Starling and up to 160 species of birds have been seen in the park.

It is also home to Crab-eating Macaque (Macaca fascicularis), Red Muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak), Javan Rusa (Rusa timorensis), Javan Lutung (Trachypithecus auratus) and the last of the island’s wild Banteng (Bos javanicus) from which the deer-like Balinese cattle are descended. All these mammals were seen during the visit.
Red Muntjac


1.     A Field Guide to the Birds of Borneo, Sumatra, Java, and Bali, by John MacKinnon and Karen Phillipps, Oxford University press, recent reprint.
2.     A Guide to the Birds of Wallacea, by Brian Coates and David Bishop, Dove Publications 1997
3.     Stijn de Win’s trip report on
4.     Peter Ericsson’s trip report on

Both field guides are dated and need updating to the latest bird names and their distributions. In addition many of the illustrations can be misleading, either due to subspecies variation or poor sketches.

Bird Guiding Services

1.    Oswald Huma                                                         Bali

                      Email:              Mobile: +(62) 81 933 110 644

2.    Theo Henoch                                                          Sulawesi

                Email:        Website:  

Separate lists for Bali and Sulawesi have been provided, mostly at subspecies level.
Systematic List of Birds for Bali

Pheasants, Fowl & Allies (Phasianidae)

Green Junglefowl (Gallus varius)

Storks (Ciconiidae)

Lesser Adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus)

Herons, Bitterns (Ardeidae)

Striated Heron (Butorides striata)

Great-billed Heron [sumatrana] (Ardea sumatrana sumatrana)

Purple Heron [manilensis] (Ardea purpurea manilensis)

Little Egret [nigripes] (Egretta garzetta nigripes)

Pacific Reef Heron [sacra] (Egretta sacra sacra)

Gannets, Boobies (Sulidae)

Brown Booby (Sula leucogaster)

Kites, Hawks & Eagles (Accipitridae)

White-bellied Sea Eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster)

Crested Serpent Eagle [bido] (Spilornis cheela bido)

Caracaras, Falcons (Falconidae)

Black-thighed Falconet (Microhierax fringillarius)

Oriental Hobby (Falco severus)

Buttonquails (Turnicidae)

Kurrichane Buttonquail [bartelsorum] (Turnix sylvaticus bartelsorum)

Stone-curlews, Thick-Knees (Burhinidae)

Beach Stone-curlew (Esacus magnirostris)

Sandpipers, Snipes (Scolopacidae)

Asiatic Whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus variegatus)

Terek Sandpiper (Xenus cinereus)

Gulls, Terns & Skimmers (Laridae)

Common Tern (Sterna hirundo)

Doves and Pigeons (Columbidae)

Island Collared Dove [bitorquata] (Streptopelia bitorquata bitorquata)

Spotted Dove [tigrina] (Spilopelia chinensis tigrina)

Common Emerald Dove [indica] (Chalcophaps indica indica)

Zebra Dove (Geopelia striata)

Pink-necked Green Pigeon (Treron vernans)

Grey-cheeked Green Pigeon [griseicauda] (Treron griseicauda griseicauda)

Cuckoos (Cuculidae)

Lesser Coucal [javanensis] (Centropus bengalensis javanensis)

Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)

Savanna Nightjar [affinis] (Caprimulgus affinis affinis)

Treeswifts (Hemiprocnidae)

Grey-rumped Treeswift [longipennis] (Hemiprocne longipennis longipennis)

Swifts (Apodidae)

Cave Swiftlet [dedii] (Collocalia linchi dedii)

Kingfishers (Alcedinidae)

Javan Kingfisher (Halcyon cyanoventris)

Collared Kingfisher [palmeri] (Todiramphus chloris palmeri)

Sacred Kingfisher [sanctus] (Todiramphus sanctus sanctus)

Cerulean Kingfisher (Alcedo coerulescens)

Bee-Eaters (Meropidae)

Chestnut-headed Bee-eater [quinticolor] (Merops leschenaultia quinticolor)

Asian Barbets (Megalaimidae)

Coppersmith Barbet [rosea] (Megalaima haemacephala rosea)

Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Spot-breasted Pied Woodpecker (Dendrocopos analis)

Woodshrikes and allies (Tephrodornithidae)

Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike (Hemipus hirundinaceus)

Woodswallows (Artamidae)

White-breasted Woodswallow [amydrus] (Artamus leucorynchus amydrus)

Ioras (Aegithinidae)

Common Iora [scapularis] (Aegithina tiphia scapularis)

Cuckooshrikes (Campephagidae)

White-shouldered Triller (Lalage sueurii)

Small Minivet [saturatus] (Pericrocotus cinnamomeus saturatus)

Old World Orioles (Oriolidae)

Black-naped Oriole [maculatus] (Oriolus chinensis maculatus)

Drongos (Dicruridae)

Black Drongo [javanus] (Dicrurus macrocercus javanus)

Hair-crested Drongo [jentincki] (Dicrurus hottentottus jentincki)

Fantails (Rhipiduridae)

Pied Fantail [javanica] (Rhipidura javanica javanica)

Tits and Chickadees (Paridae)

Cinereous Tit (Parus cinereus cinereus)

Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae)

Sooty-headed Bulbul [aurigaster] (Pycnonotus aurigaster aurigaster)

Yellow-vented Bulbul [analis] (Pycnonotus goiavier analis)

Cisticolas and Allies (Cisticolidae)

Bar-winged Prinia [familiaris] (Prinia familiaris familiaris)

Olive-backed Tailorbird [sepium] (Orthotomus sepium sepium)

White-Eyes (Zosteropidae)

Lemon-bellied White-eye [maxi] (Zosterops chloris maxi)

Starlings (Sturnidae)

Black-winged Starling [tertius] (Acridotheres melanopterus tertius)

Bali Myna (Leucopsar rothschildi)                                                                                     Endemic

Chats and Old World Flycatchers (Muscicapidae)

Oriental Magpie-robin [amoenus] (Copsychus saularis amoenus)

Sunbirds (Nectariniidae)

Olive-backed Sunbird [ornatus] (Cinnyris jugularis ornatus)

Old World Sparrows and Snowfinches (Passeridae)

Eurasian Tree Sparrow [malaccensis] (Passer montanus malaccensis)

Weavers (Ploceidae)

Streaked Weaver [manyar] (Ploceus manyar manyar)

Baya Weaver (Ploceus philippinus)

Waxbills, Munias and Allies (Estrildidae)

White-headed Munia [maja] (Lonchura maja maja)

Java Sparrow (Lonchura oryzivora)

Species on list 58

Systematic List of Birds for Sulawesi

Megapodes (Megapodiidae)

Maleo (Macrocephalon maleo)                                                                                         Endemic

Philippine Megapode [cumingii] (Megapodius cumingii cumingii)

Pheasants, Fowl & Allies (Phasianidae)

King Quail [lineata] (Excalfactoria chinensis lineata)

Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus)

Herons, Bitterns (Ardeidae)

Striated Heron [carcinophila] (Butorides striata carcinophila)

Javan Pond Heron [speciosa] (Ardeola speciosa speciosa)

Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus)

Purple Heron [manilensis] (Ardea purpurea manilensis)

Little Egret [nigripes] (Egretta garzetta nigripes)

Kites, Hawks & Eagles (Accipitridae)

Black Kite [affinis] (Milvus migrans affinis)

Brahminy Kite [intermedius] (Haliastur indus intermedius)

White-bellied Sea Eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster)

Sulawesi Hawk-eagle (Nisaetus lanceolatus)

Rails, Crakes & Coots (Rallidae)

Barred Rail [celebensis] (Gallirallus torquatus celebensis)

Buff-banded Rail [philippensis] (Gallirallus philippensis philippensis)

Isabelline Bush-hen (Amaurornis isabellina)                                                                Endemic

White-breasted Waterhen [leucomelanus] (Amaurornis phoenicurus leucomelanus)

White-browed Crake (Porzana cinerea)

Black-backed Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio indicus)

Sandpipers, Snipes (Scolopacidae)

Terek Sandpiper (Xenus cinereus)

Doves and Pigeons (Columbidae)

Feral Pigeon (Columba livia ''feral'')

Spotted Dove (Spilopelia chinensis)

Slender-billed Cuckoo-dove [albicapilla] (Macropygia amboinensis albicapilla)

White-faced Dove (Turacoena manadensis)

Stephan's Emerald Dove [wallacei] (Chalcophaps stephani wallacei)

Grey-cheeked Green Pigeon [wallacei] (Treron griseicauda wallacei)

Maroon-chinned Fruit Dove [epia] (Ptilinopus subgularis epia)

Superb Fruit Dove [temminckii] (Ptilinopus superbus temminckii)

Black-naped Fruit Dove [melanospilus] (Ptilinopus melanospilus melanospilus)

White-bellied Imperial Pigeon (Ducula forsteni)

Green Imperial Pigeon [paulina] (Ducula aenea paulina)

Silver-tipped Imperial Pigeon (Ducula luctuosa)

Parrots and Macaws (Psittacidae)

Great Hanging Parrot (Loriculus stigmatus)                                                                  Endemic

Pygmy Hanging Parrot (Loriculus exilis)                                                                         Endemic

Ornate Lorikeet (Trichoglossus ornatus)                                                                       Endemic

Yellow-breasted Racket-tail (Prioniturus flavicans)                                                     Endemic

Golden-mantled Racket-tail [platurus] (Prioniturus platurus platurus)

Blue-backed Parrot [sumatranus] (Tanygnathus sumatranus sumatranus)

Cuckoos (Cuculidae)

Bay Coucal [celebensis] (Centropus celebensis celebensis)                                    Endemic

Lesser Coucal [sarasinorum] (Centropus bengalensis sarasinorum)

Yellow-billed Malkoha (Rhamphococcyx calyorhynchus)                                         Endemic

Black-billed Koel (Eudynamys melanorhynchus)                                                        Endemic

Brush Cuckoo [virescens] (Cacomantis variolosus virescens)

Barn Owls (Tytonidae)

Minahassa Masked Owl (Tyto inexspectata)                                                               Endemic

Sulawesi Masked Owl [rosenbergii] (Tyto rosenbergii rosenbergii)                        Endemic      

Owls (Strigidae)

Sulawesi Scops Owl [manadensis] (Otus manadensis manadensis)                       Endemic

Ochre-bellied Boobook (Ninox ochracea)                                                                   Endemic

Cinnabar Boobook (Ninox ios)                                                                                       Endemic

Speckled Boobook (Ninox punctulata)                                                                         Endemic

Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)

Great Eared Nightjar [macropterus] (Eurostopodus macrotis macropterus)

Sulawesi Nightjar [celebensis] (Caprimulgus celebensis celebensis)                     Endemic

Treeswifts (Hemiprocnidae)

Grey-rumped Treeswift [wallacii] (Hemiprocne longipennis wallacii)

Swifts (Apodidae)

Glossy Swiftlet [manadensis] (Collocalia esculenta manadensis)                       

Sulawesi Swiftlet (Aerodramus sororum)                                                                     Endemic

Uniform Swiftlet (Aerodramus vanikorensis)

Rollers (Coraciidae)

Purple-winged Roller (Coracias temminckii)                                                                Endemic

Kingfishers (Alcedinidae)

Green-backed Kingfisher [monachus] (Actenoides monachus monachus)          Endemic

Lilac Kingfisher [cyanotis] (Cittura cyanotis cyanotis)                                               Endemic

Great-billed Kingfisher [melanorhyncha] (Pelargopsis melanorhyncha melanorhyncha)

Collared Kingfisher [chloris] (Todiramphus chloris chloris)

Sacred Kingfisher [sanctus] (Todiramphus sanctus sanctus)

Sulawesi Dwarf Kingfisher [fallax] (Ceyx fallax fallax)                                              Endemic

Blue-eared Kingfisher [meninting] (Alcedo meninting meninting)

Bee-Eaters (Meropidae)

Rainbow Bee-eater (Merops ornatus)

Hornbills (Bucerotidae)

Sulawesi Hornbill [exarhatus] (Penelopides exarhatus exarhatus)                    Endemic

Knobbed Hornbill (Aceros cassidix)                                                                         Endemic

Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Ashy Woodpecker [fulvus] (Mulleripicus fulvus fulvus)                                         Endemic

Thornbills (Acanthizidae)

Golden-bellied Gerygone [flaveola] (Gerygone sulphurea flaveola)

Woodswallows (Artamidae)

White-breasted Woodswallow [albiventer] (Artamus leucorynchus albiventer)

Cuckooshrikes (Campephagidae)

Cerulean Cuckooshrike [temminckii] (Coracina temminckii temminckii)            Endemic

White-rumped Cuckooshrike (Coracina leucopygia)                                               Endemic

Sulawesi Cicadabird [morio] (Coracina morio morio)                                             Endemic

White-rumped Triller (Lalage leucopygialis)

Whistlers and Allies (Pachycephalidae)

Sulphur-vented Whistler (Pachycephala sulfuriventer)                                          Endemic

Old World Orioles (Oriolidae)

Black-naped Oriole [celebensis] (Oriolus chinensis celebensis)

Drongos (Dicruridae)

Hair-crested Drongo [leucops] (Dicrurus hottentottus leucops)

Fantails (Rhipiduridae)

Rusty-bellied Fantail [coomansi] (Rhipidura teysmanni coomansi)

Monarch Flycatchers (Monarchidae)

Pale-blue Monarch [puella] (Hypothymis azurea puella)

Crows and Jays (Corvidae)

Slender-billed Crow [celebensis] (Corvus enca celebensis)

Fairy Flycatchers (Stenostiridae)

Grey-headed Canary-flycatcher (Culicicapa ceylonensis)

Citrine Canary-flycatcher [helianthea] (Culicicapa helianthea helianthea)

Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae)

Sooty-headed Bulbul [aurigaster] (Pycnonotus aurigaster aurigaster)

Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae)

Pacific Swallow [javanica] (Hirundo tahitica javanica)

Cisticolas and Allies (Cisticolidae)

Golden-headed Cisticola [rusticus] (Cisticola exilis rusticus)

Babblers and Parrotbills (Timaliidae)

Sulawesi Babbler [celebense] (Trichastoma celebense celebense)                   Endemic

White-Eyes (Zosteropidae)

Pale-bellied White-eye (Zosterops consobrinorum)                                                Endemic

Black-crowned White-eye [atrifrons] (Zosterops atrifrons atrifrons)               

Starlings (Sturnidae)

Asian Glossy Starling [panayensis] (Aplonis panayensis panayensis)

Sulawesi Myna (Basilornis celebensis)                                                                           Endemic

White-necked Myna [torquata] (Streptocitta albicollis torquata)                       Endemic

Flame-browed Starling [erythrophris] (Enodes erythrophris erythrophris)  Endemic

Grosbeak Starling (Scissirostrum dubium)                                                                    Endemic

Thrushes (Turdidae)

Red-backed Thrush [erythronota] (Zoothera erythronota erythronota)         Endemic

Chats and Old World Flycatchers (Muscicapidae)

Turquoise Flycatcher [septentrionalis] (Eumyias panayensis septentrionalis)

Mangrove Blue Flycatcher (Cyornis rufigastra)

Matinan Blue Flycatcher (Cyornis sanfordi)                                                                  Endemic

Flowerpeckers (Dicaeidae)

Yellow-sided Flowerpecker (Dicaeum aureolimbatum)                                          Endemic

Grey-sided Flowerpecker [celebicum] (Dicaeum celebicum celebicum)

Sunbirds (Nectariniidae)

Brown-throated Sunbird [celebensis] (Anthreptes malacensis celebensis)

Black Sunbird [grayi] (Leptocoma sericea grayi)

Olive-backed Sunbird [plateni] (Cinnyris jugularis plateni)


Eurasian Tree Sparrow [malaccensis] (Passer montanus malaccensis)

Waxbills, Munias and Allies (Estrildidae)

Black-faced Munia (Lonchura molucca)

Chestnut Munia [jagori] (Lonchura atricapilla jagori)

Species on list 104.